Clock 10

Lantern Clock with Donut

12.25 x 5.75 x 4.75 inches

Provincial brass and iron, two weight, 30 hour time and strike, restored lantern clock, unsigned, made in England with major alterations and restorations, dating from the late 18th−19th centuries.

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Case: 35.75" x 4.75" x 12.25" provincial, unsigned traditional form, brass cased lantern clock with a large bell at the top missing its steel straps and finial (the straps would lead down to the four corners of the case) which normally would attach to the four corners of the case where one normally found four brass vasiform shaped finials each with short brass spire. There is brass incised open fretwork on three sides of the pediment: The front using the lion and the unicorn, most traditionally seen in the second half of the 17th century, sees them supporting some semblance of a coat of arms on all three grass frets. The sides are a variant of the same pattern with incised brass fretwork (usually the sides are left blank in most of the early lantern clocks and not engraved as these are). The three pierced frets are partly used for decoration and partly to hide the bell hammer and parts of the movement that sit at the top of the case. The case plates are solid brass with a steel plate at the back.

The two side doors are made of brass plate with simple pulls. The case rests on round polished brass ball feet. Usually there remains some evidence of case brass corner columns but none are present in this version.

Dial: A broad round solid brass Roman hour chapter ring which is wider than the width of the brass casing, no half hour markers, no quarter hour ring, a closed minute ring with Arabic markers placed every fifteen minutes along the periphery of the chapter ring (Placing Arabic minute markers every fifteen minutes came into vogue on clock dials post 1810­1815. Early lantern clocks did not have outside minute markers, especially in the 17th and 18th centuries.) There is a single cast iron fenestrated head hour hand which extends well beyond the minute ring indicating it did not belong to this dial originally. This is the final evolution of the single iron Lantern clock hand which in the countryside of England extended to the end of the 18th century.

Movement: This movement appears to be a basic iron post and brass plate movement with two weight driven trains with the time train placed in front of the strike train, the latter with a countwheel striking system seen at the back of the movement. It currently has an anchor escapement meshing with the brass escape wheel. The use of the anchor escapement requires a pendulum rod. There are two sprocket gears to take up the chain of this single brass canister weight with lead donut counterbalance. This is most likely a continuous single weight chain driven movement of 30 hour duration and striking hourly on the overhead bezel. Such movements are found in provincial Longcase clocks in the English countryside and the movement and (bell without straps) was likely scavenged by someone to use in this restoration or creation of a whole new lantern clock.

Condition: A total recreation of a weight driven lantern clock. In Victorian times what was done most commonly is to convert these clocks from weight driven to spring driven. At least it remains a weight powered movement with sprocket gearing to take up the chain holding the weight and donut. It has not been converted to a spring driven example. It has been converted from a crown wheel or verge escapement utilizing a large balance wheel to an anchor escapement utilizing a pendulum. The bird cage type movement is likely from an English countryside clock dating to the end of the 18th century. The same goes for the outside hour hand. The chapter ring in likely 19th century.