Clock 13

Unmarked Carriage Clock B

Art Nouveau, brass and beveled glass carriage clock, eight day time, strike with repeat function and alarm, "Franche­ Comté Cannelee" type case, Unsigned, "Made in France", made in the Franche­ Comté region of eastern France, circa 1870­1880. {The Franche­ Comté includes the french Departments: Doubs, Jura, Haute Saone and the territory of Belfort.}

6 x 3.75 x 3 inches

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Provenance: Belonged to Marianna Hettner Grunbaum's brother, killed at age 16 during last days of WWI. Given to Elizabeth Lord 1999.

Case: 6" x 3.75" x 3.5" brass and four sided beveled glass carriage clock made in the manner of a combination of the earlier Franche­ Comté version of the 'Cannelee' style, made near the Swiss border with France. There is a tripartite shaped brass carrying handle above the flat beveled glass pediment for viewing the heavily engraved French­made platform escapement. A repeat on command button is also located at the top. There is beveled glass on three sides of the rectilinear shaped case with rounded and embossed foliate brass corner posts, all resting on a broad brass engraved base with straight bracket feet decorated in a floral and leafy style and an engraved brass door for access to the movement compartment at the rear, and the second function of being able to winding and set the movement without opening the back door.

Dial: The rectilinear white dial facade encloses the round Roman dial with closed bar minutes and a blued steel Breguet hour hand, a steel pointer minute hand (replaced) and a steel counterbalanced center seconds hand. The dial is unsigned. Below there should be a small round Arabic hour ring for the alarm, but all that is left of that is the tiny steel Breguet alarm pointer. There was most likely a small alarm dial which is either now gone or never was painted in. In the Franche­ Comté using just the hand might have been enough. It was not done in the Parisian style.

Movement: Unsigned rectangular movement, model or serial number 23. Solid brass plates with brass tubular pillars connecting the plates, pinned at the rear plate. The presence of the bell on the rear plate obscures some of the strike gearing, so I will have to guess at the type of striking. The movement is powered by two large barrel springs of eight day duration and striking the hours twice, the half hour once and repeating the hours on command (my guess), and wound by key from the rear plate or through the brass back door. The second strike was meant to occur two minutes after the first, for anyone who missed the time when first struck. There is a lever escapement controlled by a French made platform escapement at the top with a lever at the back for making the movement faster or slower (marked in French on the platform), contrate wheel below the balance wheel, cut steel pinions and steel arbors. There is a small spring wound from the upper left corner of the rear plate and set with a small arbor at the base of the rear plate for the alarm function. The hour and minute hand is set from a central arbor in the back. There is a lever marked "minutes" which seems to lead nowhere, so that I am uncertain of what that represents, perhaps a vestigial remnant from a minute repeating carriage clock that was not removed in this example? The brass back door itself is a development that grew from having a partial third brass plate at the rear of early movements made in the French­Comte during the 1840­1850 era.