Clock 18

Large Skeleton Clock

17.5 x 12.5 x 8.25 inches (clock without dome but including base)

Brass. glass and wood, two train anchor escapement, double chain−driven fusees, 8−14 day striking skeleton clock, unsigned, most likely made in London, circa 1850−1860.

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Case: 17.5" x 8.25" x 12.2" English skeleton clock with brass scroll−work plates that are fairly typical of London crafting. The curving, almost pinwheel design of the front and rear plates indicates the London origin and are held together by ringed and double tapered cuffed pillars, screwed at both the front and the rear plates. the bottom of the clock has circular bell feet which are set upon a brass plinth which is anchored to a rectilinear brass plate with rounded corners below. The plate inserted into a lacquered mahogany base with chamfered corners, wooden block feet and the applied carved foliate anthemion across the facade of the base, all supporting the clock, brass plinth and a large glazed dome serving as a dust cover for this clock.

Dial: An unsigned shaped round silvered brass skeletonized dial with scalloped borders on the outside and the inside of the roman hour chapter ring. The dial with large central aperture allowing one to view the central portion of the movement. There is a scalloped dotted minute ring along the edge of the dial. There are steel English type 'Spade' hands.

Movement: The well−made movement has a heavy anchor escapement with steel arbors and steel cut pinions, powered by double chain driven fusees, of eight−day duration and striking on an overhead silvered bell with a brass tear shaped hammer. Striking is hourly. Striking is by the use of a rack and snail component rather than a count wheel and the rack can be seen easily when looking from the dial side. {The fusee consists of a conical gear and a spring barrel. The iron chain is wrapped around both the barrel and the cone. As the spring inside the cylinder winds down it tends to lose power. However, the position of the chain on the conical gear constantly changes and as the spring loses strength the position of the chain on the cone provides greater leverage in relation to the spring, thereby balancing the two components so that the timekeeping remains evenly distributed over the eight−day span of the clocks power reserve.}. A pendulum rod hangs from the suspension spring at the back of the clock with round brass bob below. the movement is not signed.

Condition: This is a large and handsome example of London clockmaking around the middle of the 19th century and typically English in design, especially with the use of two fusees. Appears to be in excellent condition with some nicks and scratches most likely from the host of repairs over the past century and a half. The dial also has some mild expected signs of wear. Most of the striking English skeleton clocks have a single spring or a single fusee with a "fall−off' strike on the hour.  This is a rarer example that utilizes two separate fusees, and not often seen in the marketplace.